Assumptions on which forecasts are based, are clearly formulated, specified elements of pertinent changes in the future. They consider sometimes the clashing interests participating in "share" (shares holders, internal and external forms of group of pressure).
Static methods can serve as the tool of a rough estimate of the project. However for the investor of receipt and the expenses relating to different periods have unequal value, i.e. the capital has the temporary cost. Therefore for carrying out the strict analysis of the investment project it is necessary to use discounting methods, i.e. reductions of the income \expenses on the project relating to various periods to one denominator through use of special coefficient – the discount reflecting the temporary cost of the capital.
On the basis of the sizes NPV and IRR calculated for each investment project it is possible to construct the schedule of net current value which is the useful tool for total expression of characteristics of profitability of investments.
Planning of a stream of cash has to be carried out so that the company was able to meet the planned requirements. If the periods of financial difficulties are expected in the future, the financier has to notify the top management on alternative options of actions, in particular on reduction of the offered projects to the level correlated to the existing financial opportunities or on increase in additional necessary resources.
This method is based on comparison of size of initial investment (IC) to total amount of the discounted monetary receipts generated by it during the predicted term. As inflow of money is distributed in time, it is discounted by profitability of N.
This method assumes comparison of projects on the attitude of the average income towards the enclosed investments. Feature of this comparative method is that it does not consider time of receipt of cash flows.
The main objective of investment – an investment of material and monetary resources in capital construction, reconstruction or modernization of the object intended for a production activity on condition of implementation of financial obligations.
In the long-term plan assuming as a basis life cycle of property or a product, both concepts will bring identical results, but in the short-term plan big distinctions because when the new property is acquired are possible or new production is developed, the expense of means usually exceeds them receipt.
The sense of this method is reduced to determination of average size of pure cash flows which receipts are expected in the future owing to introduction of the considered investment project, and then – to calculation of the relation of this indicator to capital investments in this project.